Staël, Mme de


Staël, Mme de
(1766-1817) (Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, baroness de Staël-Holstein)
   writer, salon hostess
   Mme de Staël was born in Paris, the daughter of the financier and statesman jacques necker. In 1786, she married the Swedish minister to France, baron de Staël-Holstein. Raised on the works of the philosophes (her first work was a eulogy to jean-jacques rousseau), she enthusiastically supported the revolution of 1789. Leaving France at the beginning of the terror (1793), but still wishing to play a political role, she took refuge in Switzerland, where she held a brilliant salon that drew many opponents to the French Revolutionary regimes, including the Directory. Returning to France in 1800, she incurred the hostility of Napoléon Bonaparte and was forced to leave again. Traveling throughout Europe, sometimes with benjamin constant, she lived what would become the romantic ideal, through the example of her passionate life and her writings. After 1800, her De la Littérature considérée dans ses rapports avec les institutions sociales underscores the importance of the heart and the imagination and asks for a new literature for a new age, presaging the ideas she would later develop in De l'Allemagne (1813), which show the aesthetic relativity and the fruitful contribution of cosmopolitan literature. The author calls for renewal of genres, and exalts sensibility and individualism, as is also found in her two novels, Delphine (1802) and Corinne, ou l'Italie (1807). In the latter work, one of her best known, Mme de Staël exerted enormous influence on literary women in Europe and the united States, challenging them to fulfill their hopes and aspirations for fame as it focused on the triumphant literary and artistic career of its heroine. Mme de Staël believed that through poetry also, one could experience the feelings of "souls at once exalted and melancholy." Her writings disseminated the themes and spirit of romanticism and, in her studies of German culture of the period, the aspects of Sturm und Drang.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STAËL (MADAME DE) — Madame de Staël est une des grandes figures littéraires de la période dite préromantique. Son œuvre, dont l’importance fut largement reconnue par ses contemporains, influença plusieurs générations. Puis la valeur et la nouveauté des ouvrages… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Staël-Holstein — (spr. ßtāl ), Germaine, Baronin von, berühmte franz. Schriftstellerin, geb. 22. April 1766 in Paris, gest. daselbst 14. Juli 1817, Tochter des Finanzministers Necker, entwickelte sich frühzeitig unter dem Einfluß einer streng protestantischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Staël —   [stal],    1) Anne Louise Germaine Baronin von Staël Họlstein, geborene Necker [ nɛkər, französisch nɛ kɛr], genannt Madame de Staël [ma dam də ], französische Schriftstellerin schweizerischer Herkunft, * Paris 22. 4. 1766, ✝ ebenda 14. 7.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Staël Holstein, Anna Luise Germaine Necker, Baronin von — Staël Holstein, Anna Luise Germaine Necker, Baronin von, geb. zu Paris den 22. April 1766, empfing von ihrer Mutter (s. Necker) eine Erziehung, die nicht frei war von einer gewissen Einseitigkeit und pedantischen Steifheit. Nichts konnte jedoch… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Staël — Staël, Anne Louise Germaine Necker, Mme de …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mme de Staël — Germaine de Staël Pour les articles homonymes, voir Staël. Madame de Staël …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Staël, Germaine de — ▪ French Swiss author Introduction in full  Anne Louise Germaine Necker, Baronne (baroness) de Staël Holstein , byname  Madame de Staël  born April 22, 1766, Paris, Fr. died July 14, 1817, Paris  French Swiss woman of letters, political… …   Universalium

  • Staël, Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, Mme de — (1766–1817) French writer. Mme de Staël was the daughter of the financier Jacques Necker, and became one of the great salonistes, whose political, philosophical, and literary career was closely entwined with Romanticism . She was exiled after her …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mme de Genlis — Félicité de Genlis Félicité de Genlis Félicité de Genlis v. 1800 Activité(s) femme de lettres Naissan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stael — noun French romantic writer (1766 1817) • Syn: ↑Madame de Stael, ↑Baronne Anne Louise Germaine Necker de Steal Holstein • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author * * * [stäl] Mme de, see de Staël …   Useful english dictionary


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